Dallol is a volcanic explosion crater (or maar) in the remote part of Danakil Depression, northeast of Erta Ale Range in Ethiopia, Africa. The Danakil Depression is a desert area in the Afar region of northeastern Ethiopia. It is the lowest known sub-aerial volcanic area in the world, at over 45 m (150 ft) below sea level. Dallol is the only volcano in the world on land, having a crater below the sea level.
Dallol is one of the most remote places on Earth and very few people live here. It’s also is one of the hottest places on earth and has the highest average temperatures on the planet, with average annual temperatures well above 30 deg C. The term Dallol, in the local language of the Afar people literally means dissolution or disintegrated. In this unfriendly environment there is a ghost town called Dallol located in the crater itself.
Read also: Hottest Inhabited Place on Earth, Dallol
Dallol has one of the world’s most spectacular landscapes and is famous for its hot brine and multi-colored white, pink, red, yellow, green, gray and black salt deposits, hot springs and miniature geysers.
The colorful springs on Dallol mountain derive their colors mainly from ferrous chloride and iron hydroxide (both white-greenish), ferric chloride (yellow-brown) and iron oxide (brown). The active springs are usually white or yellow, whilst older inactive springs end up rust-colored as the result of ongoing oxidation processes. The iron may be derived from the underlying basaltic intrusion.
The area resembles the hot springs areas of Yellowstone Park.
If you decide to visit this remote location be aware that the governments of major English-speaking countries advise against travel to the Danakil area. In 2012 a group of tourists were attacked, and five European tourists were killed and two others kidnapped.
It’s only possible to visit Dallol with an accompaniment by the Ethiopian military.
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