This article presents some interesting facts about the Gobi Desert located in Mongolia and China in Central Asia.
Interesting Facts About the Gobi Desert
Gobi desert is the largest and driest desert in Asia. The area is 1,3 mil. square km and it is the 5th largest desert in the world. Gobi desert is situated in Central Asia and covers the southern part of Mongolia near the Caspian Sea to the northern parts of China. Towards N the desert is bounded by the Altai mountains and the Mongolian steppes. Towards SE and SW Gobi is bounded by the North China Plain and the Tibetan Plateau, respectively. Thus, the desert is surrounded by mountain ranges to all sides which is the main reason for the arid climate. Gobi desert is growing by more than 1300 square miles every year, expanding into the southern grasslands of China.
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Gobi Desert Temperature
Due to the huge size as well as variations in climate, Gobi covers several eco and geographic regions. It’s an universe of landscapes; some of them look really alien. Most of the desert consists of gravel, pebbles as well as rocky outcrop. Actually, just a minor part of the desert is of sand. The climate is very arid and continental. Gobi is a cold dessert where frost is very normal. Gobi desert is characterized by great weather extremes and the temperature can change of as much as 35 °C during one single day. These daily shifts in temperature are among the most extremes in the world. During winter frequent storms from NW blow sand and dust across huge parts of North China as far as to Beijing. Temperatures reach +40 °C. in summer, and -40°C in winter.
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Gobi National Park
Gobi National Park is one of the largest World Biospheres. It contains the last remaining wild Bactrian (two-humped) camels, snow leopard, and a small population of Gobi bears, the only desert-inhabiting bear. There are also several wild species of horses, goats, wolves, eagles, gazelles and oxen. Due to the dry conditions, the Gobi Desert is the source of many important fossil finds, including the first dinosaur eggs.
Generally, the vegetation is very sparse with sparse growth of mainly saksaul shrubs or small trees that can be a 6-7 m high “tree”.
The railway from Ulan-Ude in Russia to Beijing, which is a southern arm of The Trans-Siberian Railroad, crosses the Gobi desert and is a very important trading route. The best season to visit Gobi desert is from June to September where the weather is least harsh.
Pictures of the Gobi Desert
Map of Gobi Desert
If you have some more interesting facts about the Gobi Desert in Mongolia then don’t hesitate to write a comment.