Komodo Island is situated in the strait between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores in the center of the Republic of Indonesia. The island has an area of 390 km2 and is home for around 1,000 Indonesians. Komodo Island is under the administration of the Nusa Tenggara Timur province in the Wallacea Region.
Pink Beach Komodo Island
The island of Komodo is a volcanic island located between the Indian Ocean and the Flores Sea. Komodo is one out of 17,000 islands in entire Indonesia. It offers a beautiful mountainous landscape surrounded by azure blue tropical sea which is ideal for diving and snorkeling. Another ideal place for diving and snorkeling is the Red Sea off shore Hurghada in Egypt. The water around Komodo has a very rich wild life – actually some of the richest on the planet. The coral reefs are untouched and it is possible to see colorful fish in all kinds of patterns and sizes. The climate is much different relatively to other nearby islands e.g. Bali and Java; which are mostly covered by rain forest. The climate on Komodo is much drier and fauna as well as flora is similar to the Australian. Furthermore, Komodo Island is well-known for the superb beaches e.g. stunning pink beaches (see picture below).
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Many of the volcanic islands are not accessible by large boats or at least difficult to access. Alternatively, you can reach the rocky islands by kayak, which has turned out to be a very popular way to get around. In that way, it is possible to access the small bays around rocky points which offers amazing marine environments.
Habitat of Komodo Dragon
The fauna on land includes tropical birds, wild horses (kuda liar), buffaloes, deers and wild boars. The island is also inhabited by very dangerous snakes such as cobra and Russel’s pit viper. But most of all Komodo Island is known for being the habitat of Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) which is the worlds largest reptile and lizard. The Komodo dragon only lives in the Komodo National Park, which covers an area of 170,000 hectare and includes the islands of Komodo, Rinca and Padar as well as the marine areas and many smaller uninhabited islands. The number of Komodo dragons within the park is estimated to 3,000 reptiles, where they have lived for over 10 millions years. A komodo dragon can live for over 60 years and can grow to over 3 meters long. Due to their sharp teeth, long claws and strong tail, the Komodo dragon is a very powerful animal and easily it dismantle animals such as buffaloes, goats and humans.
Komodo Island National Park
The national park was founded in 1980 to protect the Komodo dragon. Since then conservation goals have expanded to protecting its entire biodiversity, both marine and terrestrial. In 1991, Komodo National Park was declared an UNESCO World Heritage Site. Komodo Island is among the world’s seven natural wonders and hence a must-see travel destination. Due to the protection of the area you have to pay a fee in the national park office when arriving to Komodo Island.
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