Wrangel Island Russia: Home for the Last Mammoth Musk Oxen on Wrangel Island. Pin It

Wrangel Island Russia: Home for the Last Mammoth

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Wrangel Island is a Russian island located in The Arctic Ocean just north off the northeast coast of Siberia. The Russian name is Ostrov Vrangelja. The island is about 7,300 m2 and is 125 km wide at its maximum. The arctic island is widely characterized by permafrost and has polar climate. Furthermore, the island has two Inuit settlements and is one of the most northerly towns in the world. The highest peak on Wrangel is 1,096 m above sea level and is called Mount Sovjetskaja. The island also has a meteorological station located on the southern part of the island.

Read also: Alert – Northernmost Permanently Inhabited Place

Wildlife on Wrangel Island

Due to the rich biodiversity the island is placed on the World Heritage UNESCO list. The fauna includes ice bears, musk oxen, caribou, walruses, seals and lemmings. During summer the island of Wrangel is an important breeding area for many bird species.

The Last Mammoth Population

During last ice age the island had a mammoth population which was much smaller in size relatively to the original species. It is documented that this specific mammoth population survived up til 1,700 BC which is about 6,000 years later than any other mammoth population. Scientists agree on the fact that Wrangel Island Russia may have been the last place on earth where mammoths survived. Thus, Wrangel was home for the last mammoth population. The island is indeed a incredible place for paleontologists and other people that are interested in the last ice age and mammoths. If you are lucky you might find bones and skeletal parts from these last standing ice age giants.

Ice bears on the island of Wrangel

Group of ice bears on Wrangel Island.

Wrangel Island is located north off Siberia

Rocky shore on Wrangel Island in Russia.

Walrus on Wrangel Island

Big walrus at the coast of Wrangel.

Wrangel Island was home for the last mammoth population

Beautiful ice formations offshore Wrangel Island in Russia.

Wrangel Island map

Click here to see more pictures of the Arctic Region.

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  1. Mark Seidenberg

    I noted the photo entitled “Rocky Shore on Wrangel Island Russia”.  I visit the same place in 
    1995.  Mr. Charles Cliff named that rock “Shamrock” after his dog.  Did you pick another name
    for that geological formation?  If so what did you call it. When were you there? Do you have
    any other view of that rock in your photo archives? The photo reminds me of “Rockall” in
    the Atlantic Ocean.

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