Transnistria (English: Trans-Dniester – official name Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic) is a de facto state situated along Dniester River between Ukraine in the east and Moldova in the west. Officially, Trans-Dniester is a part of the republic of Moldova a former region in the Sovjet Empire’s. The declaration of independence was back in 1990. However, Transnistria has never been recognized by any United Nations member. Trans-Dniester region is strongly related to Russia and the state gets military and economic support from Moscow.
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In relation, to the tension between west and east, Trans-Dniester has played a major role. Due to the large percentage of Russians and the strategically important site, Putin is very interested in Transnistria.
The number of inhabitants is about half a million, including 150.000 people in the capital of Tiraspol.
Most people does not know the existence of Transnistria. The main reasons is: The region is situated in one little pocket of Eastern Europe far away from the common tourist routes. Thus, it might be considered as one of the most unknown and isolated parts of Europe.