Bagan, formerly Pagan, located in the Central region of Myanmar (Burma), 90 miles southwest of Mandalay, is home to the largest and densest concentration of Buddhist temples, pagodas, stupas and ruins in the world.
From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan. During the kingdom’s height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed. Today, seven centuries later, over 2,200 temples and pagodas still remains. The area covering 26 square miles.
The river Irrawaddy has washed away nearly one-third of the original city area, and thieves in search of treasures have torn apart many temples in Bagan, while earthquakes and the ravages of time have reduced hundreds of other temples to piles of crumbling stones.
The location was used in the famous Documentary movie Samsara from 2011.