Transnistria or in English called Trans-Dniester Region is a de facto state situated along Dniester River between Ukraine in the east and Moldova in the west. The official name is Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic. Officially, Trans-Dniester is a part of the Republic of Moldova which is a former region in the Sovjet Empire’s. The declaration of independence was back in 1990. However, Transnistria has never been recognized by any United Nations member. Trans-Dniester region is strongly related to Russia and the state gets military as well as economic support from government in Moscow.
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In relation, to the tension between west and east, Trans-Dniester has played a major role. Due to the large percentage of Russians and the strategically and geographical important site, Putin is very interested in the Trans-dniester region.
The number of inhabitants is about half a million, including 150.000 people in the capital of Tiraspol.
Most people do not know the existence of Transnistria. The main reason is that the region is situated in one little pocket of Eastern Europe far away from the common tourist routes. Thus, it might be considered as one of the most unknown and isolated parts of Europe.